Building Emotional Intelligence in Young Learners

Emotional Intelligence (EI) is a crucial skill that goes beyond the classrooms and impacts every facet of a child’s life. It refers to the ability to perceive, understand, and manage emotions in oneself and others. This is particularly crucial for young learners like kindergarteners, as it lays the foundation for healthy relationships, effective communication, and a well-rounded personality.

The Foundation of Emotional Intelligence


Self-awareness is the cornerstone of emotional intelligence. It’s about recognizing and understanding one’s own emotions. For young learners, activities like identifying emotions through facial expressions can significantly boost their self-awareness. It’s fascinating to see a child’s eyes light up with understanding when they correctly identify an emotion and relate it to a personal experience.


Self-management is the next step, and it goes hand in hand with self-awareness. It involves controlling one’s emotions, especially in adverse situations. Teaching kindergarteners to practice patience by waiting for their turn or handling disappointment healthily is part of building their self-management skills.

Social awareness

Social awareness revolves around understanding the emotions and needs of others. Simple activities like sharing toys or engaging in teamwork projects can help kindergarteners become more socially aware, fostering empathy and understanding from a tender age.

Relationship management

Building upon the other aspects of EI, relationship management involves interacting positively with others. Through cooperative play and guided group activities, young learners can start developing essential relationship management skills.

Activities to Foster Emotional Intelligence

Expression Through Art

Expression through art is a fantastic way for kindergarteners to explore their emotions. Drawing their feelings or role-playing various scenarios helps in understanding and expressing their feelings better.

Mindfulness and Relaxation Techniques

Teaching mindfulness through simple breathing exercises and mindful listening activities can help kindergarteners become more in tune with their emotions, promoting a state of calmness and awareness.

Reading and Discussing Emotions

Selecting books that explore different emotions and discussing them can broaden their emotional vocabulary and understanding. It also creates a platform for children to express and discuss their feelings openly.

Emotional Vocabulary

Creating an emotional vocabulary is crucial. Word lists and expression games can be both fun and educational, providing the children with the language they need to express their feelings accurately.

Discussions to Understand and Express Emotions

Group Discussions

Group discussions provide a platform for kindergarteners to express their emotions and learn from others. Structuring these discussions and choosing appropriate topics is key to promoting a healthy emotional discourse.

One-on-One Discussions

Individual attention through one-on-one discussions can help kindergarteners feel valued and understood, promoting emotional expression and understanding on a deeper level.

The Role of Educators and Parents

kids intelligence

Creating a Supportive Environment

A supportive environment is crucial for building emotional intelligence. Both educators and parents play a vital role in fostering open communication and maintaining a non-judgmental attitude, which in turn creates a safe space for emotional expression.

Encouraging Emotional Expression

Encouragement from adults significantly impacts a child’s willingness to express emotions. Through positive reinforcement and setting a good example, adults can nurture a child’s emotional intelligence.

Evaluating Progress

Observational Assessment

Observational assessment by educators and parents can provide valuable insights into a child’s emotional development. Recording and reflecting on progress is essential for adapting strategies and providing ongoing support.

Ongoing Support

Adapting strategies based on observational assessments and celebrating achievements, however small, can motivate kindergarteners to continue developing their emotional intelligence.


The journey of building emotional intelligence in young learners is a rewarding endeavor that demands a collective effort from educators, parents, and the community. By engaging kindergarteners in meaningful activities and discussions that help them understand and express their emotions, we are laying a strong foundation for their future interpersonal success and overall well-being.